The best treatment approach to canine influenza is effective prevention.
An effective vaccine for canine influenza is available.
The Importance of Isolation
Because CIV is highly contagious, educating staff and dog owners about protocols for preventing its spread is a critical part of the overall management strategy.
- Dogs with suspected CIV infection that enter the facility should be isolated immediately and evaluated in a separate room.
- After evaluation, the floors, walls, and tables in the room used should be thoroughly disinfected. Particular attention should be given to doorknobs and other objects that were touched by humans who were in contact with the dog.4
- Hospitalized dogs should be isolated for the protection of other dogs.
- The air supply should be as separate as possible, ideally by a full wall and door; a designated area within a common air space may not be adequate to prevent transmission of the virus.8
- At a minimum, gloves and a gown should be worn while handling dogs with CIV infection.
- Staff should wash their hands with soap and water or disinfect them with an
alcohol-based hand sanitizer after handling the animal.
- Shoes should be disinfected with an appropriately maintained disinfectant footbath when exiting the isolation room.4
Dog owners should be counseled to keep their dogs at home until they have made a full recovery. They should also be taught to wash their hands, as well as food and water bowls, with soap frequently. Changing clothes and shoes before handling other dogs is also recommended.
The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) has posted interim guidelines addressing some of these issues, click here to view.