The best treatment approach to canine influenza is effective prevention.
An effective vaccine is available for canine influenza.
Staff and Pet Owner Education
Staff should be educated about the signs of and risk for CIV infection, as well as the precautions and procedures to minimize the risk of transmission in various situations.4,26 If a dog with signs of a respiratory infection arrives at the facility, staff should ask the person transporting the dog if the dog has recently:
- Been boarded or adopted from a shelter
- Participated in dog-related group activities
- Been exposed to other dogs known to have canine influenza or canine cough
The dog should be taken directly into a separate examination/triage area that is reserved for dogs with signs of respiratory illness. The dog should not be allowed to enter any areas where it may come into contact with other dogs.26 The facility should consult their veterinarian for advice and possible evaluation and treatment.
If a dog is suspected to have CIV infection after admission to any facility, the dog should be evaluated and treated by a veterinarian. Isolation protocols to prevent spread of canine influenza should be implemented for dogs showing signs of respiratory disease, including the wearing of disposable gloves by staff who contact the dogs, and the thorough cleaning and disinfecting of contaminated cages. Any unusual cases of respiratory illness or an increase in cases should be investigated. Appropriate diagnostic samples should be submitted for testing.26
Staff should also be instructed to educate pet owners about canine influenza and the fact that it can be spread via direct contact with respiratory secretions from infected dogs and by contact with contaminated inanimate objects. They should not participate in activities or bring their dogs to facilities where other dogs can be exposed if their dog is coughing or exhibiting other signs of respiratory disease. Dog owners should be taught to clean and disinfect clothing, equipment, surfaces, and hands after exposure to dogs showing signs of respiratory disease to prevent transmission of infection to susceptible dogs.26